X-Message-Number: 25356
From: "Kelly Moy" <>
Subject: Cryonics Bracelet
Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2004 19:23:35 +0000


                                                         Ancient and yet 
always at the height of current fashion: that is Turquoise for you. Its 
brilliant sky-blue belongs to the all-time favourite trend colours in the 
world of fashion and jewellery.

                                                 In many cultures of the Old 
and New World this gemstone has for thousands of years been appreciated as a 
holy stone, a good-luck-charm or a talisman. It is a virtual "peoples  
gemstone . The oldest proof for this lies in Egypt, where in tombs from the 
period around 3000 B.C. there were found artefacts set with Turquoise. In 
the ancient Persian Kingdom the sky-blue gemstones were originally worn 
around the neck or on the hand as protection to ward off unnatural death. If 
the stones changed their colour, there was an imminent danger for the 
wearer. However, in the meantime it has been uncovered that Turquoises may 
in fact change their colour, but this reaction is not necessarily an 
indication of danger impending. The reason for the colour change is rather 
the influence of light, cosmetic products, dust or even the ph-value of the 
skin, which may all trigger off chemical responses.

                                                 Turquoise will protect and 
let you enjoy life

                      In earlier times Turquoises were sometimes thought 
responsible for the material wealth of their bearers. For example, Persian 
philosopher Al Kazwini wrote: "The hand wearing a Turquoise and using it as 
a sealing stone, will never be poor.  Turquoises were loved as ornaments 
decorating turbans, often set in a border of pearls, in order to protect the 
wearer from the "evil eye .
                                                 They were used as talismans 
decorating daggers, scimitars or the horses  bridles. Turquoise came to 
Europe only during the time of the crusades. And from this period comes the 
name "Turquoise , meaning simply "Turkish stone .

                                                 Also in South, Middle and 
North America Turquoise has always been enjoying a special position among 
gemstones. For example, the ancient Aztecs in Northern Peru used to decorate 
their ceremonial masks with this stone, a "holy stone  in their belief. The 
North American Indians, who are still producing quite a few pieces of 
traditional silver jewellery set with Turquoises today, believed that the 
gemstone the colour of the sky would establish a direct connection between 
the sky and the lakes.

                                                 At all times in history 
Turquoise was worn as protection to ward off the influence of dark and evil 
powers. In former times thought to protect riders and horses from accidental 
falls, they are nowadays considered the ideal good-luck stones for aviators, 
flight staff and other professions which need special assistance to ward off 

                                                 In the contemporary 
teachings of the Healing Power of Stones, wearing Turquoise is recommended 
to solve the problems caused by a depressed outlook on life. The bright and 
happy colour is supposed to lend self-confidence to subdued personalities, 
and it is also very popular as a token of friendship, since Turquoise is 
reputed to be responsible for faithfulness and reliable relationships.

                                                 The blue from copper, the 
green from iron

                      Turquoise is a copper aluminium phosphate achieving 
hardness six, thus considerably softer than quartz. It occurs naturally in 
all shades ranging from sky-blue to grey-green, usually in such locations 
where copper is hidden in the soil in high concentrations. However, only the 
best quality Turquoises show the real turquoise colour, which in ordinary 
stones is normally rather pale, blue-green or greenish. The blue colour is 
caused by copper, while the green colour is caused by iron or chromium. 
Often the material is veined or shows spots, which depending on the 
respective occurrence are brown, light grey or even black. These vivid, more 
or less regular patterns are called the spider web. The micro-crystals are 
really tiny and almost  not discernible with the bare eye. Usually turquoise 
occurs as encrustation, in veins or as nodules or nuggets. The most famous 
occurrences are situated in the USA, Mexico, Israel, Iran, Afghanistan and 
China. The most beautiful of Turquoises in wonderful light blue are found in 
Northern Iran.

                                                 Turquoise is only rarely 
facetted. Usually it is shaped as cabochons or as beads, or even given a 
fancy cut.

                                                 Wax will lend Turquoise 

                                                 Turquoises are relatively 
soft gemstones and thus quite sensitive. Since the colour may also fade out 
in the course of wearing, today even the top qualities receive a waxing  and 
subsequent hardening treatment. This procedure will make the sensitive 
gemstone sturdier. Turquoises which have been sealed with artificial resin 
are also available in large amounts and at competitive prices. Their colour 
appears fresh, and they show a high resistance.  But one should be careful, 
because many of these stones have been additionally dipped in colour before 
being sealed, and this colouring is a kind of treatment which according to 
the rules set down by ICA must be indicated. In addition, there are also 
so-called "reconstructed  Turquoises, which have been assembled from 
pulverised Turquoise.

                                                 Due to their high 
sensitivity, then, almost all Turquoises have been treated to preserve their 
beauty, however, the kind of treatment differs considerably.  It makes 
sense, then, that naturally beautiful stones which have simple been waxed or 
hardened  with artificial resin achieve higher prices and are more valuable 
than such stones, which have received colour-enhancement. Valuable Turquoise 
jewellery should therefore best be purchased from a jeweller you can trust.

                                                 A piece of sky in your 

                                                 The best Turquoise quality 
shows a clear and light sky-blue. The colour is highly appreciated, with or 
without the fine regular spider web lines. The quality decreases with the 
increase of green in colour, and the increase of spots and irregularities in 
the spider web.

                                                 Turquoise should be 
protected from cosmetics, heat and bright daylight. The gemstone does not 
really appreciate sunbathing. It is recommended to clean it from time to 
time after wearing with a soft cloth.
                                                 The colour of a Turquoise 
will make you feel happy and relaxed, for it combines the light blue of the 
sky with the invigorating green of the seas. It is so unique that the 
language took the stones  very name to describe it: Turquoise. So if you 
decide on a Turquoise, you will hold a piece of the sky in your hands.

                 Created by ICA Gem Bureau Idar-Oberstein

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