X-Message-Number: 33232
From: "Eisab" <>
References: <>
Subject:   latent heat of fusion
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2011 21:34:58 -0500

"Despite the control applied to the cooling of cells, most of
the water present will freeze at approximately -2 C to -5 C. The
change in state from liquid to crystalline form results in the
release of energy in the form of heat; this is known as the latent
heat of fusion. Warming of the sample occurs until the equilibrium freezing 
point is reached, at which temperature ice
continues to form. To minimize the detrimental effects of this
phenomenon, undercooling must be minimized by artificially
inducing the formation of ice. This can be accomplished by
seeding the suspension with ice or some other nucleating
agent, or by rapidly dropping the temperature of the external
environment to encourage ice crystal formation."


I  wonder if the latent heat of fusion is a big problem in cryonics.


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