X-Message-Number: 660
Subject: CRYONICS - American Cryonics News 2/2
From:  (Edgar W. Swank)
Date: Wed, 26 Feb 92 14:16:28 PST

(Reprinted from The Immortalist, February, 1992) - Part 2/2

ACS Members Comment on "Guardians of the Society"

We recently asked ACS members for their ideas on forming a special
inner core of ACS activists to serve as guardians of the American
Cryonics Society.  For more details on the guardian concept read John
Day's article which follows.

We found the comments made by David Crockett of special interest.
They are reprinted here:

Each guardian should be willing and able to personally bear an equal
share of the time and financial burden necessary to insure the
survival of ACS through any unforseen crisis (financial or otherwise),
or to personally help with the maintenance of suspension patients
should ACS be unable to contract for these services, provide these
services directly, or cease to exist.  Also, along this same line,
each guardian should have in mind at least one other person with the
same dedication to cryonics who would be willing to make the
commitment to replace him should the necessity ever arise.  This would
insure, at the very least, the survival of the `guardians', and
therefore our patients, from generation-to-generation.

Guardians of the American Cryonics Society

By John Day

Who (are/would be) Guardians?  In my view, they would be all those
members who meet certain very restrictive requirements and who agree
to be public members of the society.  Their names, addresses, and
phone numbers would be made generally available to everyone including
the press and all present and prospective members.  In fact, the board
should be required in the strongest possible way to keep the list of
Guardians up-to-date and readily available.

What would the Guardians do?

I am afraid that the temptation will be great to load responsibilities
onto anything that looks the least bit like a group of volunteers.
This would certainly be a mistake.  A soldier toiling in the trenches
is automatically too distracted to simultaneously serve guard duty,
and while the situation on a battlefield may take only hours to
comprehend, situations evolving within a cryonics society may take

The best idea is that the Guardians will be without specific
responsibilities in the society.  They would serve as a tangible
bridge between the general membership, the board of governors, the
press, and the world at large.  Also, by virtue of being independent
of the board and contactable by all members, the Guardians would be
ideally situated to assist in organizing the membership to check a
board gone mad (or bad).

By design the Guardians will be dedicated members and I am sure they
will initiate activities beneficial to the society, but no particular

Discussion of proposed Eligibility Requirements

1. Guardians should beindependent.

While the duties of a member ofthe board of governors encompasses the
activities of a Guardian I would try to maintain a separation by
making service on the board of governors a disqualification with
respect to being a Guardian.

People do not tend to change their frame of reference overnight and it
takes years before a person can have even seen a good sampling of the
activities in a cryonics society.  If people could become Guardians
quickly after joining, it seems likely that they would be influenced
by relatively few people and events.  I propose that members not be
made guardians until two years have passed during which time they are
in all other respects continuously qualified.  Certainly such a time
period should not be shorter than the yearly cycle of board elections,
and it would not be good to require much more than a three year
waiting period because making changes would become impossibly slow and
after all, age confers only some virtues.

2. Guardians should have shown that they are willing and able to
support ACS.

All kinds of support are needed and valued, but in requiring that a
Guardian show support for ACS, the only common denominator is money.
The basic test is whether the prospective Guardian contributes a full
share to the society above and beyond any special benefits the Society
gives back to the Guardian.  This should be accounted in an extremely
conservative manner(see below) and a net support figure computed if
necessary to determine eligibility.  To be eligible I think that the
total lifetime net support from a Guardian should be at least equal to
this amount of $1200.  In addition, to maintain eligiblity a Guardian
should contribute yearly net support equal to highest dues.

This could cause problems in cases where there was anarbitrary choice
of which member of a family group was first member and which was
second member.  To correct any such inequity I would credit all
members of a family group with the average initiation fee and dues for
the group (on an as paid basis).

3. Guardians should be the purest of the pure.

Cryonics is unique in that it involves extremely vulnerable (frozen)
people, who have no legal rights, and who must of necessity trust
other people to manage large sums of their money toward an end that
the core of general society thinks is impossible or improper.  It is
inherently impossible to protect the Board of Governors from many
pressures and temptations that arise in the management and application
of suspension funds.  It is equally impossible to always choose
governors that will resist these pressures and temptations.  If the
Guardians are to be the consensus of the Board of Governors they
should have little direct power over events and be hard to influence.

It seems to me a reasonable goal to make rules that keep the Guardians
absolutely separated from the money.  The definition of a net support
concept as used above lends itself to this purpose.  I would count
only initiation fees, dues, and donations in a members favor.  I would
not count monies paid on behalf of donations made with any kind of
restriction, suspension funds, or any donation of services, materials,
or equipment.  I would count against a member all monetary payments
made to the member.  This includes salaries, grants, bonuses, purchase
of equipment and supplies, mileage allowances, compensation for use of
office space, reimbursement of expenses, and commissions.  I would go
further and count such payments when made indirectly as by an
individual or organization with which ACS does business.

Of course, these rules are unreasonably restrictive and a lot of our
very best people would be disqualified by their application but it
would be a lot easier later to ease off on super conservative, super
restrictive rules than to tighten up, rules that have loopholes.  With
careful wording I see no danger in excluding the purchase of materials
and equipment same price.  The indirect payments rule should also be
modified to apply only when the amount of money going to an
intermediate individual or organization is above some threshold of
significance (like one percent of sales or salary).

4. Guardians should be tried and true members of ACS.

5. Guardians should be adequate communicators.

Most of the time spent by a Guardian is likely to be spent
communicating, and much of that time the Guardian will be viewed as
representative of the society.  It would seem desirable to require
that a Guardian have some communication skills but I do not know an
objective way to do that, and experience indicates it is not a big
problem, so I suggest that we just take whatever we get in this

It does, however, seem reasonable to require that a Guardian have a
residence telephone and that it be listed in the local phone
directory.  Yes, to be a Guardian one must give up some privacy.  I
would neither oppose nor support a requirement of the sort that would
require a Guardian speak, read, and write fluently, use specified
language(s), or have reached some particular academic level.  However,
if there is any such requirement, I think that only the prospective
Guardian should judge compliance with therequirement.  This insures
both a kind of objectivity in applying a good rule and the ability to
ignore a bad rule.

 (Edgar W. Swank)
SPECTROX SYSTEMS +1.408.252.1005  Silicon Valley, Ca

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